What is Biomass?

Any plant-derived organic matter. Biomass available for energy on a sustainable basis includes herbaceous and woody energy crops, agricultural food and feed crops, agricultural crop wastes and residues, wood wastes and residues, aquatic plants, and other waste materials including some municipal wastes. Biomass is a very heterogeneous and chemically complex renewable resource.NREL — National Renewable Energy Laboratory, U.S. Dept. of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

A renewable and carbon neutral energy source.
By 2050, biomass will provide 30% of our energy needs globally.


  • biomass-percentage-energy-supply
  • Worldwide, biomass currently provides over 10% of our energy needs. The International Energy Agency predicts it will become an increasingly important energy source — rising to 30% globally by 2050. This is due to rising energy costs, diminishing petroleum and gas reserves, and a world focused on the environmental impact of greenhouse gas emissions.

    As such, alternative energy forms are becoming increasingly important. It makes sense to use energy resources that are ready available, plentiful, renewable and sustainable. Biomass provides us with one of the most environmentally-friendly energy sources to meet the world’s growing energy needs.

Sources of Biomass Solids

  • sugar-cane-thumbSugar Cane

  • straw-thumb
    Straw

  • cotton-thumb
    Cotton

  • palm-thumb
    Palms

  • wheat-thumbWheat

  • various-farm-crops-thumb
    Various Other Crop Waste

  • timber-thumb
    Trees and Wood Waste

  • coconut-thumb
    Coconut Husk

Global pellet production is rapidly expanding to meet the worlds increasing energy needs.


Statistic: Global wood pellet market in 2010 and 2012 with projections through 2025, by major region (in million metric tons)* | Statista
Find more statistics at Statista


For thousands of years man has been burning wood as a form of energy. Today, wood pellets are the modern form of wood heating, which arguably has more potential to cut CO² emissions than any other source of renewable energy currently available.

By using a sustainable, carbon neutral source of fuel, such as biomass wood pellets, to generate electricity and heat, we can drastically cut our CO² emissions — and save money.

Pellets are the most common product on the international biomass market. As the chart above shows, the global production of wood pellets has grown exponentially.

From 2 million tons of wood pellets in 2001 to 4 million tons in 2006, to 9 million in 2008 and 16 million in 2010. Over the years, the level of professionalism in the sector has risen, as has the average production capacity and capital investment per wood pellet plant. Additionally, increasing amounts of wood chips, briquettes, and pellets from agricultural residues are used for energy production.


Biomass — an energy resource for today … and the future!

VirtusEquip_AdminWhat is Biomass?